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How to Change Default ‘DocumentRoot’ Dir...

How to Change Default ‘DocumentRoot’ Directory in Apache Linux

How to Change Default ‘DocumentRoot’ Directory in Apache Linux

NetShop ISP

NetShop ISP · Blog Author

Feb 18, 2021 · Technical Tutorials

If you are reading this article now, most probably you are experiencing one of the most common issues that a lot of webmasters and Linux sysadmins are facing; how to change the default DocumentRoot in Apache.

What is Apache

Apache is one of the most popular web servers that is used in various Linux distributions, as well as Windows (i.e. LAMP environment). The apache web server is used to deliver content and serve multiple web queries simultaneously.

What is DocumentRoot

DocumentRoot is the root directory from which the Apache web server serves the content for your website’s visitors.

The default DocumentRoot for Apache is:

/var/www/html

This means that if you upload your WordPress files/folders and a new sub-directory named my-wordpress/ then your WordPress website will be accessible as follows:

http://www.JohnDoe.com/my-wordpress/

In this article we will explain how to change the default DocumentRoot in Ubuntu/Debian and CentOS/RHEL/Fedora.

Change DocumentRoot in Apache on Ubuntu / Debian

Open for editing the following files depending on whether you are on Ubuntu and Debian:

/etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default
/etc/apache/apache2.conf

Changing Apache’s DocumentRoot in Linux CentOS/RHEL/Fedora

In CentOS/RHEL/Fedora Linux distributions the Apache’s configuration file is the following:

/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

Open the config file with your favourite text editor and search for DocumentRoot

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"

Once you locate the DocumentRoot, change the path to the new target directory and make sure that it is read/writable by Apache web server. Once you have modified the DocumentRoot path, save the file and restart apache web server as follows:

# systemctl restart apache     [for SystemD]
# service httpd restart        [for SysVinit]   

That’s it! If no errors occur during Apache’s restart, you should be able to access your Website from any browser.

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